Networked Media Open Specifications

Upgrade Path

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As is common with web APIs, over time changes will be made to support new use cases and deprecate old ways of working. The NMOS APIs are no different, and have been designed to permit in-service upgrades across a facility which may be running large amounts of equipment with support for different versions of these specifications.

API versioning is specified in the APIs documentation, with procedures for handling upgrades described below.

Requirements for Nodes (Node APIs)

Implementers of the Node API must support at least one API version, and may support more than one at a time. Note however that a Node must only perform interactions with a Registration API at a single version. Nodes implementing multiple API versions may provide a user-configurable choice for which API version to register and/or query using. Otherwise it is expected that the Node will select a Registration API which supports the highest API version which the Node also supports. The API version should be selected before considering the Registration API’s configured 'priority'.

Registrations with a Registration API must only proceed if the Node API version implemented exactly matches the API version used by the Registration API.

Requirements for Registries (Registration and Query APIs)

Implementers of the Registration and Query API must support at least one API version. It is however strongly recommended that Registration and Query APIs fully support at least two and preferably more consecutive API versions (if released). In doing so, facilities which include a large number of Nodes may stagger their equipment upgrades whilst maintaining compatibility with a single registry.

When supporting multiple API versions, Query APIs must provide translations of resources for backwards compatibility (see Version Translations). For example, if the registry contains a mixture of v1.0 and v1.1 resources, a v1.0 Query API must provide a response containing all of these resources by removing keys from v1.1 resources which are not present in v1.0. Translations must not be provided for ‘/subscriptions’ endpoints, which only expose subscriptions matching the endpoint’s API version.

Query APIs are not required to provide for forwards compatibility as it may be impossible to generate data for new attributes in schemas. Query APIs should however allow clients to request older data than the requested minor API version by using the ?query.downgrade= query parameter (see Query API documentation for examples).

Version Translations

When conforming a resource to an earlier API version, Query API implementations SHOULD make best efforts to remove attributes which were not references in earlier versions’ schemas. The core attributes which fall into this category are documented here for clarity, but the same data could be derived from analysis of the schema changes between API versions. Note that new attributes may defined external to this specification in the future. Implementations should consider this when considering how to implement this requirement.

Note that removal of these keys does not guarantee conformance to the schema of the earlier API version due to the addition of new ‘enum’ values and similar features in more recent API versions. As such, Query APIs SHOULD NOT validate translated resources against schemas.

Nodes which support multiple versions simultaneously MUST ensure that all of their resources meet the schemas for each corresponding version of the specification which is supported. Where required features are only available in the most recent version(s) of the specification it may be necessary to expose only a limited subset of a Node’s resources from lower versioned endpoints.

v1.1 to v1.0

Requirements for Query API Clients

Implementers of Query API clients MUST support at least one API version. Query API clients are strongly recommended to make use of the query downgrade mechanism in order to provide access to the widest possible range of Nodes’ resources.

Implementers should be aware that when operating a client against a Query API version lower than the maximum supported version by that Query API instance, they may be exposed to resource data beyond the scope of that API version’s associated schemas. Clients SHOULD NOT attempt to access attributes which were only defined in a later specification version. Whilst the Version Translation mechanism should remove access to invalid additional keys, new values for existing keys are not excluded by this mechanism and should be handled gracefully.

It is strongly recommended to match Query API client compatibility to the maximum API version supported by a given Query API instance prior to introducing any Nodes supporting that API version to an existing system. Parameters which are known to introduce this issue are noted below:

Affected Keys From v1.1

Performing Upgrades

The following procedure is suggested for a live system which needs to migrate between API versions. This guide assumes that the registry and key clients support the Query API downgrade feature.

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